New Education Policy 2020 (NEP 2020): The newly proposed NEP 2020 has altered the history of the Indian Education System that many often detested. This is the third time the Indian Education Policy has been revised. The first two were revised in 1968 and 1986 under the then Prime Ministers Indira Gandhi and Rajiv Gandhi. The second (NEP 1986) was further revised in 1992 under PV Narasimha Rao, the then Prime Minister of India. The third and newest education policy 2020 was declared on July 29, 2020. The “Nishank” New Education Policy 2020 was released by the Union Human Resource Development Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal for School Education with revised strategies for schools including Higher Education for colleges, universities, and different higher institutes. Under this modern education reform, the Ministry of Human Resource Development is renamed as the Ministry of Education. This holistic reform is got authorization under the regime of Prime minister Narendra Modi.
The NEP 2020 extends comprehensive modifications in Indian India Education System be it in the preparatory stage or in higher education. The New Education Policy 2020 prioritizes on remodeling the curriculum. The reform focuses on driving more experimental learning, induce the logical perception rather than burdening the kids with the prolonged stress and constraint of tough examinations that are often blatantly cited as an explanation to evaluate a student’s merit.
Important features and highlights of the New Education Policy 2020 (NEP 2020)
The newfound education policy NEP 2020 radically alters the 10+2 structure of 1986. The 2020 education reform preps a “5+3+3+4” curriculum structure. NEP 2020 has allocated school education into distinct phases based on age groups. The policy emphasizes 3 years in preschool and 12 years in school.
For kids of 3 to 6 years, accessibility to free, safe, high-quality ECCE (Early Childhood Care Education) to be granted at Preschool/Anganwadi/Balvatika.
Foundational Learning Curriculum for the age group of 3-8, is divided into two categories:
(a). Kids from age 3-6 to be fostered in ECCE (Early Childhood Care Education).
(b). After attaining the age of 5, every kid to be sent to a Preparatory Class.
Foundational Stage: Grade 1-2, for kids aged 6 to 8.
Preparatory Stage: Grade 3-5, for kids aged 8-11. This stage stresses on activity-based learning such as play, discovery including interactive classroom learning.
Middle Stage: Grade 6-8, for aged 11-14. This phase carries out experiential learning in a wide range of subjects such as science, mathematics, arts, social sciences, and humanities.
Secondary Stage: Grade 9-12, for aged 14-18. This phase accentuates on multidisciplinary learning, higher critical thinking. Further, it prioritizes flexibility and bestows students with the alternative to choose subjects based on their interests.
Under NEP 2020, the mid-day meal program will be extended to pre-school kids. Further, the 2020 New Education Policy mandates the regional language/mother-tongue/local langue to be the medium of instruction for the classes up to 5, The same is preferred until class 8 and beyond.
Under NEP 2020, in all subjects, starting from Mathematics will be provided at two levels. Another crucial highlight of NEP 2020 is, enactment of 10 bag-less days to school students, during which informal internship will be provided based on their career bent.
NEP 2020: School Exams and Board Exams
Under the newly introduced reform, school examinations will be conducted only for grades 3, 5, 8. The assessment for the same will be rearranged to a constructive method so as to inspire greater reasoning aptitudes, critical thinking and evaluation, and importantly, conceptual clarity.
Under this modern reform, Board Exams will continue but the same will be proposed for holistic growth. Establishment of a nationwide scrutiny center, where the assessment will be weighed on Performance Assessment, Review, and Analysis of Knowledge for Holistic Development of a candidate. Also, fewer risk ascertained in Board Exams under this plan. Under NEP 2020, all students will be permitted to appear for Board Exams on up to two circumstances during any given academic year. First, the main examination, Second, for improvement, if desired by the student.
NEP 2020: Higher Education and College Entrance Exams
Under NEP 2020 approach, a common college entrance exam will be conducted twice a year by the National Testing Agency. The said will be enforced from the 2022 session.
A full-time bachelor’s degree will be legislated for 4 years with drop-out alternatives as mentioned below,
Exit after 1 year: Certificate
Exit after 2 years: Diploma
For the midterm dropouts, the option to complete the degree will be provided after a semester break. Under NEP 2020, bachelor’s degrees will be multidisciplinary. There will be no formal department between the sciences, humanities, and so on.
NEP 2020 profoundly encourages the advancement of Indian arts, regional languages, and the culture at all levels. Besides, the M.Phil degree will be terminated.
The newly proposed reform affirms that by 2040, every established education institutions like IITs will become multidisciplinary. Under this reform, we can notice a greater emphasis on the incorporation of arts and humanities subjects for science students and vice-versa.
Under NEP 2020, the top 100 foreign universities in the world are encouraged to establish and operate in India. Furthermore, the system of affiliated organizations will be terminated in 15 years. The colleges will be granted greater liberty and power to grant degrees. The new reform will end the status quo of deemed university in India.