Every building tells a story, a story embedded in its walls, a tale told by its originators. Such stories are crafted by the intricate work of both Architects and Interior Designers.
Such people work in synergy to make a building and its indoor spaces functional, pleasant, and appealing. They create spaces in our surroundings that impact our psychology and well-being.
Architects and Interior Designers have a similar work profile that involves designing & implementing, people often get confused between these overlapping professions. For instance, an Architect designs the structure of a building, while an Interior Designer designs what goes inside the building.
Hence, before ambling on to any of these professions you should know the differences between them. I’ll take you through all of these differences one by one, and will also discuss how you can pursue a career in either of the two fields.
Who is an Architect?
Futile spaces built to perfection with a delicate balance between designing & execution are the work of an architect. They create unique, & creative spaces that light up our surroundings with the help of their COA license.
An Architect is a person who designs, reviews, and oversees the construction of buildings with the help of bye-laws and the National Building Code. S/he creates a structure on a given space that is both functional and pleasing to the eye at the same time. All the details that are present on the exterior of a building are the work of an Architect.
They also plan the basic structure of the building that includes the placement of rooms, kitchen, dining room, garden, and ensure that appropriate space is rewarded to them in accordance with the client’s requirements.
Who is an Interior Designer?
After a building is constructed, the responsibility of accessorizing and furnishing the empty spaces within the building lies with the Interior Designer. As the name suggests, these people design the interiors of a place and internally beautify the site in accordance with the purpose they will be used for.
For instance, if they are given the project of a house, they decide which sofas are to be kept in the drawing-room, which curtains would go well with the sofa, what color scheme should be followed in the house if any woodwork is required, where should the different furniture items be placed, which paintings would enhance the look of the house, what kind of accessories like hangings, clocks, vases, etc. are required to balance the room.
Hence, interior designers fill up the empty spaces within a building to make them complete.
So, as you can see, the work of Architects and Interior Designers is vastly different. Now, let’s look at the specifics of their differences one-by-one.
What are the Major Differences between Architecture and Interior Design?
The two professions differ on the basis of their training, what they focus on, & what they design, as follows:
- What they Design– Architects design buildings, while interior designers design the interior of the building, which includes furniture, fixtures, and other accessories to create a desired look and function for spaces inside the building.
- What they are trained in– An Architect is trained in creating a structural building that meets national, state, and local building codes. The interior designer is trained in creating a functional and quality interior environment.
- Requirements they focus on– Architects are more focused on the technical requirements like form, material, climate, lighting, ventilation, flooring, etc. while interior designers pay attention to the human psychology and emotional aspects of spaces.
For instance, Interior Designers design hospital rooms that affect the psychology of the patient and promote faster healing, such as calm/ healing colors, light in the room, movement, enough windows and scenic view, etc. Similarly, they design spaces that encourage better learning in educational set-ups.
Having gained clarity on how the two professions differ, let’s look at the path you should follow in order to become an architect or an interior designer.