TOEFL – Test of English as a Foreign Language is a standardized test of English for academic purposes, and is commonly used in university programs as a benchmark of proficiency in English for entrance requirements. TOEFL is a basic requirement for assessing proficiency in the English language widely spoken in western Countries of all those who wish to apply for higher studies in the US and whose native language is not English. Internet-based Test (iBT) has been introduced in some locations within India starting April 2006. The new TOEFL – iBT is a linear and computer adaptive test. This means that all candidates answer questions from the same range of difficulty, rather than receiving only questions at the ability level.
The new TOEFL iBT tests all four language skills that are important for effective communication; speaking, listening, reading and writing. There is no longer a structure section. Grammar is tested on questions and tasks in each section. The test has a new speaking section, which includes independent and integrated tasks. Test takers will need to speak into a microphone when they respond.
The responses are digitally recorded and transmitted to ETS‘s Online Scoring Network, where they are evaluated. In the writing section, you must write a response to questions, (materials) they have heard and read, and to compose an essay in support of an opinion. It also now requires typing. There is an integrated task in addition to the current independent task, and the scoring guides (rubrics) used for rating are different from the current test.
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